What Are The Strategies For Writing A Good Conclusion In The Ielts Writing Task 2?


A conclusion is a crux of your written text. This means the conclusion has the gist of all the ideas you have elaborated on in your content. The IELTS Task 2 is an essay writing task where the language used is a formal one and the conclusion should be short, crisp and brief. It should be written in a way that leaves a mark on the mind of the examiner.

There are various strategies to write a powerful conclusion in the IELTS writing task 2 and some of them are as follows:

  • A conclusion should cover three main parts: the first part should be paraphrased thesis statement, the second part should have a summary of the ideas used in the content and the last part should be the most impactful ending sentence.
  • The conclusion should be suggestive where you can list the main outcomes/ consequences/ aftermath/ opinion/ suggestions of the given situation in the topic along with the wrap-up points from the body of the essay by paraphrasing.
  • A conclusion should summarize the whole of the topic by making use of the key points from the text you have written. It should clearly be mentioned in a way that it should depict the main theme of the essay.
  • There are many words/ phrases that are used to conclude an essay topic or task 2 of IELTS. Few of them are listed here below that can support in writing a good conclusion and they are:

1. To sum up

2. To conclude

3. In the end

4. In closing

5. In a nutshell

6. Overall

7. To wrap it up

8. In brief

9. To summaries

10. Finally

11. Last but not least

12. It can be concluded

13. Taking everything into account

14. On the whole

15. In short


17. In all

18. All in all

19.  In the final observation

20. As per the final analysis

21. It is clear/ It is evident

22. Indeed

And now since we have gathered a handful of phrases and they are handy with us, it will get a lot easier if we take an example of each concluding phrase. That will help us understand their usage in a better manner.

  • To sum up: To sum up, jogging daily is very good to have a healthy heart.
  • To conclude: To conclude, finding out the roots of the word can help a person deduce its meaning.
  • In the end: In the end, capital punishment should be pardoned and the person should be given one chance to correct himself.
  • In closing: In closing, the concluding paragraph of an essay should have a specific proposition to deal with the given situation.
  • In a nutshell: In a nutshell, carpools should be encouraged to reduce congestion on the roads and avoid traffic hazards.
  • Overall: Overall, the internet has its pros and cons but the advantages outweigh the disadvantages.
  • To wrap it up: To wrap it up, rainwater harvesting is the best possible way to conserve water.
  • In brief: In brief, researching your family history makes you aware of your origin.
  • To summarise: To summarise, all the plantation measures can help deal with global warming.
  • Finally: Finally, the blue parrot has been declared as an extinct species in the year 2018.
  • Last but not least: Last but not least, mathematics can become an easy subject for every child if the teacher teaches every concept with examples.
  • It can be concluded: It can be concluded that if the person is motivated enough by focusing on his strengths, he can overcome any obstacle in life.
  • Taking everything into account: Taking everything into account, the preservation of rainforests and maintaining the ecological balance can conserve the wildlife a great deal.
  • On the whole: On the whole, reading enhances not only your reading pace but also improves your vocabulary skills.
  • In short: In short, making people aware of the issues that prop up due to overpopulation can help to curb the problem.
  • Lastly: Lastly, the thesis statement should be paraphrased so that the theme of the topic covered is clear.
  • In all: In all, the major water pollutant is the dumping of polythene in the Ocean water and that needs to be checked on a regular basis with the help of cleanliness drives.
  • All in all: All in all, it is a good thing for the environment to have heavy rains, though it may sometimes cause flooding and soil erosion.
  • In the final observation: In the final observation, the employees of an organization are able to perform well if they are provided with incentive-based tasks.
  • As per the final analysis: As per the final analysis, if the expense of the company surpasses the savings, then it is a loss for the company and sustainability becomes tough.
  • It is clear/ It is evident: It is evident from SWOT analysis that every employee has some unique strength which can be honed to get an efficient performance.
  • Indeed: Indeed, water pollution has led to an adverse effect on marine life. It needs to be taken care of by not making oceans as dumping grounds, rather use reusable materials.

The example of each phrase above has a distinct impact on the essay writing. You should practice using each one of them in a different manner and see its effect. The conclusion is the mirror of the whole essay, as it shows us the highlights of the theme of the topic. There are more generic words that are used as conclusion starters such as Obviously, Without a doubt, Unquestionably/ Undeniably, etc. Always make sure you include the crux of the central idea, the brief of the argument you gave, what you think should be done and all this should not have the repetition of words rather use thought-provoking words.